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Stamping and Sheet Metal Forming - Part One

Stamping is a kind of forming process in which a part is produced by means of the forming the material under the action of a stamping die. Stamping is usually carried out under cold state, so it is also called stamping. Heat stamping is used only when the blank thickness is greater than 8~100mm. The blank material for stamping is usually in the form of sheet or strip, and therefore it is also called sheet metal forming. Some non-metal sheets (such as plywood, mica sheet, asbestos, leather) can also be formed by stamping.

Stamping is widely used in various fields of the metal working industry, and it plays a crucial role in the industries for manufacturing automobiles, instruments, military parts and household electrical applications, etc.

The process, equipment and die are the three foundational problems that needed to be studied in stamping.

The characteristics of the sheet metal forming are as follows:

1. High material utilization

2. Capacity to produce thin-walled parts of complex shape.

3. Good interchangeability between stamping parts due to precision in shape and dimension.

4. Parts with lightweight, high-strength and fine rigidity can be obtained.

5. High productivity, easy to operate and to realize mechanization and automatization.

The manufacture of the stamping die is costly, and therefore it only fits to mass production. For the manufacture of products in small batch and rich variety, the simple stamping die and the new equipment such as a stamping machining center, are usually adopted to meet the market demands.

The materials for sheet metal stamping include mild steel, copper, aluminum, magnesium alloy and high-plasticity alloy-steel, etc.

Stamping equipment includes plate shear punching press. The former shears plate into strips with a definite width, which would be pressed later. The later can be both in shearing and forming.

Characteristics of stamping forming

There are various processes of stamping forming with different working patterns and names. But these processes are similar to each other in plastic deformation. There are following conspicuous characteristics in stamping:

1. The force per unit area perpendicular to the blank surface is not large but is enough to cause the material plastic deformation. It is much less than the inner stresses on the plate plane directions. In most cases stamping forming can be treated approximately as that of the plane stress state to simplify vastly the theoretical analysis and the calculation of the process parameters.

2. Due to the small relative thickness, the anti-instability capacity of the blank is weak under compressive stress. As a result, the stamping process is difficult to proceed successfully without using the anti-instability device (such as blank holder). Therefore the varieties of the stamping processes dominated by tensile stress are more than dominated by compressive stress.

3. During stamping forming, the inner stress of the blank is equal to or sometimes less than the yield stress of the material. In this point, the stamping is different from the bulk forming. During stamping forming, the influence of the hydrostatic pressure of the stress state in the deformation zone to the forming limit and the deformation resistance is not so important as to the bulk forming. In some circumstances, such influence may be treating method is also different from that of bulk forming.

4. In stamping forming, the restrain action of the die to the blank is not severs as in the case of the bulk forming (such as die forging). In bulk forming, the constraint forming is proceeded by the die with exactly the same shape of the part. Whereas in stamping, in most cases, the blank has a certain degree of freedom, only one surface of the blank contacts with the stamping die. In some extra cases, such as the forming of the blank on the deforming zone contact with the stamping die. The deformation in these regions are caused and controlled by the die applying and external force to its adjacent area.



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E-mail:sales@chang-dong.com Tel:0086-769-8106 1256 0086-181-1876-8847 Sales Manager: Ms. Alice Fax:0086-769-8106 1926

Changdong is one of professional metal stamping die maker in China more than 10 years. We provide metal stamping dies to the customers in 16 countryies.
The company makes the progressive dies and transfer dies. As a stamping die manufacturer, also we provide the prototype dies and metal prototype parts for the short-run production.

Our main products: Stamping Die | Drawn Die | Metal Stampings | Checking Fixture | Progressive Die | Transfer Die | Metal Prototypes | Metal Stamping Tools| Prototype Parts | Prototype Die

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